October 20, 2017 – January 7, 2018
At the Williams College Museum of Art (WCMA) Active Ingredients: Prompts, Props, Performance flips the script on the performativity of art objects and the objectness of human performers. This two-part show consists of both a theatrical event and a gallery-based exhibition. Together, the two parts reverse the common distinction of performance as “live” and art objects as “dead.”
The exhibition, Active Ingredients, considers contemporary object-based practices through the lens of performance, examining works that act, that promise future action, or prompt an audience response. The event, A People’s History of Performance Art, stages the canonical history of performance art through tableaux vivants of famous photographs. Together, these two presentations meditate on the meanings, subtleties, limits, and complications of “performance,” and the difficulties it poses for exhibition. “On the one hand, I was fascinated by how performance art settles over time into its documentation, and how the documentation ascends into iconic status; on the other, I wanted to see if it was possible to do a non-melancholic performance exhibition, one that pointed to the future rather than the past—it turned out the only way to do it is with objects,” said co-curator David Levine.
The nineteenth-century dramatic medium of tableau vivant blurs the line between the image and the act it records. A People’s History of Performance Art takes this as a jumping-off point, re-animating iconic documentation of works by Joseph Beuys, Robert Morris, Carolee Schneemann, Chris Burden, Yoko Ono, Tehching Hsieh, Valie Export, Yves Klein, Adrian Piper, Marina Abramovic, and others. The event at once transforms static documentation into active performances, while transforming active performers into static documents. A People’s History will be performed by New York-based actress Kate Hampton as the Doyenne, and a cast of students from the Williams College Theatre department. It opens a conversation about what is considered “canonical” performance art, the role of photography and style in its canonization, and the treatment of performance by the art world and museums. “The art world adores performance, but it hates theatre,” said Associate Professor of Theatre Amy Holzapfel, “Why? And when is performance ever not theatrical? Instead of fetishizing the remnants of past performances as artworks, we wanted to showcase artworks as actors in their own right, prompting performance’s futurity rather than memorializing its disappearance.”
The concurrent exhibition considers objects not as commemorative or archival documents, but rather as reservoirs of potential future action, as prompts for audience or artist activity, and even as actors. 1-1-1, a 1969 Richard Serra “prop” sculpture, is an object physically suspended (propped) and potentially movable (a prop)—one of the clearest and most striking articulations of the show’s conceptual grammar. Joining the Serra is a body sculpture in which artist Jamie Isenstein’s body is decidedly missing, along with works of art by Charles Gaines, Camille Henrot, Ryan McNamara, Clifford Owens, Laura Owens, and Barbara T. Smith. A new commission by William Pope.L comprises a wooden construction resembling a theater flat, on which an organic drawing made of peanut butter and other materials will drip, ooze, and transform over the duration of the exhibition. The works of art are shown alongside actual props from national opera houses, including heads of St. John the Baptist from Salome. Finally, Felix Gonzalez-Torres’s “Untitled” (Go-Go Dancing Platform), 1991—a stage at times activated with a human presence—serves as the linchpin of this two-part show, connecting the exhibition space to the theatrical event space. Alternately a plinth awaiting a statue or a stage awaiting a performer and a platform for exuberant expression, it oscillates between the performativity of minimalism and the minimalism of performance, generating a constant dialectic of presence and absence.
“At a moment when the art world is obsessed with performance and its archives, we wanted to show how this kind of work can inhabit the museum in a totally different way, by complicating oppositions between liveness and deadness, archive and repertoire, and prop and artwork,” said WCMA interim director Lisa Dorin. While the tableaux vivants interrogate activeness by turning bodies into props or objects, the exhibition casts sculptural objects as potentially embodied or living things, unsettling assumptions and dichotomies surrounding performance art and its relationship to museum spaces.
Active Ingredients is collaboratively organized by Lisa Dorin, interim director; Amy Holzapfel, Chair and Associate Professor of Theatre; David Levine, artist and director; and Marsha Ginsberg, artist and designer.
David Levine is an artist and writer. Recent commissions include The Cartier Foundation, REDCAT Gallery, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, PS122, Creative Time, and Mass MoCA. He has directed theatrical premieres at Primary Stages, the Atlantic, and Vineyard theaters, and his writing on performance, theater, and other matters has appeared in Triple Canopy, Parkett, Mousse, Cabinet, Theater, and BOMB. He is the recipient of a Foundation for Contemporary Arts Award, (2016), an OBIE Award (2013), and fellowships from the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, the MacDowell Colony, and the New York State Foundation for the Arts, and he has given talks at the Dia Center for Contemporary Art, the Goethe Institute New York, and MoMA. From 2010 to 2015 he was the Director of the Studio Program at Bard College Berlin. He is currently Professor of the Practice of Performance, Theater, and Media at Harvard University. Best Behavior, an anthology of his written work, will be published by 53rd State Press in 2018. He is currently working with the Brooklyn Museum on Some of the People, None of the Time, a project about fake crowds.
Marsha Ginsberg works in the interdisciplinary overlap of design for theater and opera, installation art and photography. She studied theater design at NYU Tisch School of Arts, and Visual Arts at the Whitney Museum ISP and Cooper Union. Her work creating clothes and environments for live performance have been presented in the US and internationally at venues including: Lincoln Center Theater; BAM Next Wave; New York City Opera; Signature; Barrow Street; Vineyard; Bard Summerscape; NYTW; PS122; Trinity Rep; American Repertory Theater; Luminato Festival; Mass MoCA; Guggenheim; Tanglewood; Spoleto; SF Opera; Glimmerglass Opera; Theatre de la Ville, Paris; Konzert Theater Bern; Opera National de Bordeaux; Theater Basel; Festival Opera Quebec; Nationaltheater Weimar; Staatstheater Braunschweig; Nationaltheater Mannheim; Theaterhaus Jena; Hans Opera Theater; Thalia Theater; Theater Rampe; Athens Festival among others. Her work was featured in the Cooper Hewitt Design Triennial: “Design Life Now” which toured to ICA Boston and CAMH. She is the recipient of an OBIE Award; NYSCA; NYFA Architecture Fellowship; Foundation for Contemporary Arts; NEA/TCG Design Fellowship; Macdowell Colony and Watermill Center Residencies, etc. Adjunct faculty TU/Bühnenbild_Szenischer Raum, Berlin
Related Performances and Programs
A People’s History of Performance Art
Thursday Oct 19, Friday, Oct 20 and Saturday, Oct 21 at 7:30 pm
Tickets $3. Limited seating.
Tickets can be purchased at the ’62 Center Box office
Box Office hours: Tuesday-Saturday 1-5pm
Tuesday, Nov 7, 4 pm
Performance scholar Daniel Sack from UMass Amherst joins Active Ingredients co-curator and Professor of Theatre Amy Holzapfel in conversation.